It’s a Bug Eat Bug World Out There – Even in a Gall

A plant gall is an abnormal outgrowth of plant tissue caused by a "gall-maker", which could be an insect, mite, virus, nematode or fungus.  The inter-relationship between plant and gall-maker is complex, very specific, and developed over eons.  The relationship…

Throwback Thursday: Potatotree?

Once upon a time, there was a potatotree (Solanum erianthum) at the Oslo Riverfront Conservation Area (ORCA). It is gone now, likely the victim of overzealous trail widening. Potatotree is native to the southern U.S., the Caribbean, Central American, and…